2003, the resorts began restoring 6.4 kilometres of
critical spawning habitats in the Bedwell River
basin. The only privately-funded initiative of its
kind in North America, the five-year program is
welcomed by First Nation leaders as well as federal
and regional agencies.
date, about 20,000 cubic metres of over-burden
(gravel and debris jams) have been excavated to
restore the so-called pond channel, and more
excavation and restoration work is being done about
2km up-river from the Outpost.
goal is to create enough viable 'off-channel'
spawning and rearing salmon habitats to restore
salmon and steelhead populations to
pre-industrialized levels. Already, chum salmon have
been seen digging redds (egg nests) in the new
are akin to collector lanes running parallel to a
main freeway; safe, protected areas for salmon to
spawn, eggs to hatch, and for fry to mature. They
are removed topographically from the devastating
effects of torrential river activity, which washes
away both eggs and fry.
the 2006 season, restoration crews and interested
guests will continue 'complexing' the off channel
with large stumps and logs to provide shade and
predator cover for juvenile salmon. Within a few
short years, a new natural eco-system with optimum
upslope and mature riparian edge (diverse bank and
shoreline area) will dramatically increase the
numbers of salmon and steelhead returning each year
to Clayoquot Sound.
guests are invited to participate in all aspects of
the restoration process and/or learn about the role
salmon play in the Clayoquot Sound Biosphere, not
just as a food source in the region's web of life,
but as a complex key to the Biosphere's fragile
Wilderness Resorts & Spa is working closely with
the O.W.L .(Orphaned Wildlife Rehabilitation)
Society of Delta, British Columbia, to rehabilitate
injured or orphaned birds of prey and return them to
in direct proportion to the negative impact urban
encroachment has on endangered raptors (eagles,
owls, hawks and falcons), is the importance of OWL's
Return to the Wild program.
to entering into this landmark joint-venture with
the resorts, OWL had no resources to build or
operate much-needed flight pens in wilderness areas
where specific species could be naturalized and
re-introduced following rehabilitation.
to release, rehabilitated raptors must spend at
least two supervised weeks in flight pens, being
acclimatized to the sights and sounds of their new
new flight pen located near the barns, on Outpost
property, is the first of several planned for the
program. Already, several wild bald eagles, newly
recovered from illness and injury, have been
returned, successfully, to the Clayoquot Sound
permanent guest of the resorts' raptor rehab
program, is 'Isabelle' the red-tailed hawk. Isabelle
was already inprinted (confused about whether she
was a hawk or a human) when she came to OWL as a
fledgling in 2005.
is unlikely that she will ever be able to fend for
herself in the wild, so she will remain at the
Outpost, educating guests and welcoming visiting
raptors to the program.
bear play an important role in maintaining forest
health. They function as both predator and
generalist herbivore (they eat meat and plants).
Maintaining their numbers and natural denning
habitat is key to ensuring the long-term well-being
of the Biosphere.
herbivore, bears contribute to the germination and
distribution of many types of berries and other
vegetation. These plants in turn are used by
roosevelt elk, black-tailed deer, marten, and many
As predator, bears help keep prey
populations in-check with the carrying capacities of
the land. Bears also carry tons of nitrogen-rich
fertilizer annually - in the form of salmon
carcasses, crustaceans and sea weeds - from
Clayoquot waterways, onto nitrogen-depleted inland
Bear mapping tools include infared
motion-triggered cameras, bear hair snares (hair
collectors) and good old-fashioned tracking. By
utilizing these and other methods of research and
investigation, resort staff, guests, and consulting
- Learn about and track bear
families - through DNA study and cataloguing.
- Determine movement corridors
and levels of use.
- Locate critical denning sites
and potential sites.
- Mitigate impacts of guests and
of Outpost expansion on bear population and
together with renowned research scientists like Dr.
Lance Barrett-Leonard of the Vancouver Aquarium
Marine Science Centre, the resorts have embarked
upon a program to monitor and assess the impacts of
commercial and leisure marine traffic on whale
feeding and migration.
installing and monitoring underwater hydrophones,
and recording both the underwater vocalization of
whales, and boat traffic noise, scientists hope to
better understand whale behaviour.
and surrounding marine environments are extremely
rich and biologically productive areas where vast
salmon populations attract killer whales, humpback
whales, porpoises, stellar sea lions, harbour seals,
California seals and a wide variety of sea birds.
May of 2004, resort guests from Europe, the Allianz
Insurance Group, underwrote and helped install two
underwater hydrophones. Since installation, data
from both units has been continuously transmitting
to the Telegraph Cove Whale Centre for monitoring
a smaller scale, resort whale watching guides carry
portable hydrophones, affording guests real-time
interaction with the gentle giants below the
Inventory via ROV
world community acknowledges the vast richness of
the Clayoquot Sound Biosphere, but relatively little
is known about some of its inner-most regions.
to depth limitations of scuba divers, a very limited
amount is understood about the habitat and
distribution of marine organisms at depths greater
than 500 ft.
protect the Biosphere's overall marine habitat,
meaningful knowledge and understanding of how deep
marine eco-systems relate to tidal and sub-tidal
habitats, is essential.
May of 2004, the resorts began work with Josie
Osborne, Regional Biologist for the Nuu-Chah-Nulth
an underwater ROV (remote operated vehicle) equipped
with powerful lights and cameras, a team of
biologists and resort guests started cataloguing
marine organisms by depth.
resulting video footage represents the beginning of
a long process of building a permanent record to be
made available to scientists and resource managers
working within the Biosphere.
one of the ROV project was partially-underwritten By
Allianze Insurance Group of Austria. Subsequent
dives are planned for 2006.